EC Engineering (Electronics & Communication Engineering), is a merger of two basic branches viz., Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering is one of the largest and fastest growing sector of industry.
It covers a wide range of applications we daily require and which make our lives easier and enjoyable such as Television, Radio, Computers, Telecommunication, Mobiles, etc.
They help us to see, hear and communicate over vast distances, supervise production and manufacturing processes and oversee installation and maintenance of computers, peripherals and components.
Electronics engineers work with devices that use extremely small amounts of power. They work with microprocessors, fiber optics, Solar System and in telecommunication, television, radio etc.
Electronics engineering is a constantly changing and widening branch of the engineering profession.
A merger of Telecommunication Engineering very substantially enhances the employability domain of these engineers as they become more suited for Telecom; hardware and Networking, applications of all kinds, embedded system applications and Mobile computing software applications and several hi-tech growth allied areas such as VLSI Design and fabrication and Mobile computing and software development etc with some added specialization.
Electronics engineering is a constantly changing and widening branch of the engineering profession. Electronics industry being a labour intensive industry provides many job opportunities for the skilled job seekers. Increased production and demand by government and businesses for communication equipment, computers and military electronics along with consumer demand and increased research and development on robots and other types of automation contributes to the growth of employment opportunities in the field.
These engineers get job in central government, state governments and their sponsored corporations in public sector and in all wings of armed forces and also the private organizations. e.g. :
- Indian Engineering Service (IES),
- Indian Telephone Industries, BSNL/ MTNL,
- Semiconductor, Chip Design-Industries (Motorola , IBM, HP, STM, Philips, IT etc),
- Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. (HPCL / BPCL / IPCL),
- Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC),
- Civil Aviation Department,
- Steel Authority of Indian Limited (SAIL),
- Power Sector (NTPC / NHPC Ltd.),
- Bharat Electronics Limited,
- Indian Railways,
- Indus tan Aeronautics Limited (ISRO),
- Software Industries (ALL MNC'S) (HAL),
They are also absorbed into the entertainment, consumer electronics, consumer durables, transmission industry, research establishments, and specialized defense products like signaling equipments, radar control equipments.
Also biggest employment opportunities for EC Engineer are in the new computer related fields related to hardware & components and Networking and in the Telecom Sector. There are high end opportunities as well as middle segment opportunities.
In fact India has emerged as a world class VLSI / Embedded System/digital signal processing design Center & EC engineers of high caliber can find jobs with entry level packages of Rs. 4.5 l.p.a. to Rs. 6.5 l.p.a. (with added specialization) with several MNCs operating in India. Similarly mobile computing, hardware & mobile networking, etc. are other lucrative and high growth areas.
Typical career path scenarios for ECE professional are :
An Electronic Engineer can start their career in Government departments by entry from Astt. Engineer posts by direct central recruitment through advertisements in newspapers.
They can also be Selection to Gazette posts through the competitive examinations conducted by Union and State Public Service Commission.
In the Defense Services, young engineers start as Second Lieutenants or equivalent cadres after getting selected through Indian Army, Indian Air Force, Indian Navy. All the three wings visit SGI campuses for recruitment of EC engineers.
Similarly there are vacancies in the private and public sector like ECIL, BEL, Central Electronics Ltd., Indian Railways, Atomic Energy Commission, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, Ministry of Civil Aviation, and other electronics, Campaniles.
- They can even start their own small businesses by manufacturing Electronic circuits and devices as like audio system, Measuring instruments and medical equipments etc.
Ques. Which is the fastest growing sector in the industry?
Ans. Electronics and Communication
Ques. What is the need of studying ECE?
Ans. It covers a wide range of applications we daily require and which make our lives easier and enjoyable such as Computers, Print Media, Audio and Video Media, Communication sector and memories etc.
Ques. What an Electronics Engineer does?
Ans. They design, fabricate, produce, test and supervise the manufacture of complex products and systems i.e., electronic equipments and components for a number of industries including hospitals, computer industry, electronic data processing systems for communication and in defense etc. à They supervise production and manufacturing processes and oversee installation and maintenance of computers, peripherals and components.
Ques. What is the future scope of ECE branch?
Ans. Increased production and demand by government, Public sector and businesses for communication equipment, computers and military electronics along with consumer demand and increased research and development on robots and other types of automation contributes to the growth of employment opportunities in the field.
Ques. What kind of qualities need to possess to excel in electronics branch?
Ans. Candidates having a creative and inventive mind and also good at physics and mathematics will probably find electronics engineering both a challenging and lucrative career.
Ques. What are the areas where Electronics and Comm. Students can apply?
Ans. Telecom, hardware and Networking, applications of all kinds, embedded system allied areas such as VLSI Design and fabrication and Mobile computing and software development etc with some added specialization.
Ques. As in the period of recession when one can't believe in private companies, are there jobs in PSUs for Electronics and Comm. Engineers?
Ans. Yes. The list is endless. An electronics & communication engineer can get a job in Central Government, State Governments and their sponsored corporations in public sector and in all wings of the Armed Forces and also the private organizations.
Ques. I have done B.Tech in ECE. How can I apply for Govt Sectors?
Ans. As an Electronic Engineer, entry for junior posts Astt. Engineer in the Government departments is by direct recruitment through advertisements in newspapers. Selection to Gazetted posts is through the competitive examinations conducted by Union and State Public Service Commission. UPSC conducts an Engineering Service Examination (Telecommunication and Electronics Engineering group) annually for vacancies in Central Engineering Services and various State Public Service commissions conduct their own competitive Exams for vacancies in State engineering services.
Ques. I am doing B.Tech. in ECE branch, but I am interested in networking . What can I do?
Ans. The biggest employment opportunities for EC Engineer are in the computer related fields to related hardware & components and Networking and in the Telecom Sector. So you can apply for them.
Ques. I want to be a part of Indian Army. I have done my B.Tech. in Electronics. How can I apply for it?
Ans. In the Defense Services, young engineers start as Second Lieutenants or equivalent cadres. For selection into the Defense Services- Indian Army, Indian Air Force, Indian Navy, applications are invited through National dailies and Employment News.
Ques. I have completed my B.Tech and I want to establish my own business. What are the fields appropriate for me?
Ans. Electronic Engineers can start their own small businesses by manufacturing electronic parts and goods. They can also set up repair or assembly shop for television receivers, amplifiers, recording equipment, etc. & outsourced activities from bigger organizations.
Ques. Which companies hire Electronics & Communication engineers?
Ans. All Software Companies TCS, Infosys, L & T Infotech, HCL, I-Gate, NIIT Technologies, Torry Harris, Whipro Infotech, EDS, Webcom, R Systems, Global Logic, Netchasers, Sapient, Sapient Informatics, FreeScale (Motorola), LG, STM, Cadence, Agilent, NI, GE Electrical etc.