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Civil Engineering


Civil Engineering is the basic and most sought after professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction and maintenance of the physical and naturally available environment. It includes design, construction and maintenance of essential infrastructural facilities such as bridges, roads, canals, dams and buildings.

Civil Engineering practices takes place at all levels: in the public sector from municipal through to federal levels, and in the private sector from individual homeowners through to international companies.

There are 11 sub disciplines in Civil Engineering:

  • Coastal Engineering
  • Construction Engineering
  • Earthquake Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering/Soil Mechanics Engineering
  • Water Resources Engineering
  • Materials Engineering
  • Structural Engineering
  • Surveying
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Municipal or Urban Engineering

Civil Engineers can find jobs in :

  • Government departments
  • Private and public sector undertakings
  • Research and teaching institutions etc.

Job opportunities for civil engineers are expected to increase faster than the average for all job sectors put together as the construction & infrastructure industry is witnessing tremendous growth in India.

The job prospects for Civil Engineers currently are at an all time best. With investments to the tune of 2,00,000 crore of rupees taking place in the infrastructure segment alone, over 20,000 civil engineers are needed every year. Added to these are the power plants, Industrial Plants & building, Housing & urban development, transportation and several other sectors of the economy; creating added demand for Civil Engineers.

Renumeration

The earnings depend on the status of industries employing civil engineers such as Central or State Government departments or private concerns & the nature of job. In India, a bachelor's degree holder in civil engineering can receive a starting salary of Rs. 2.2 to Rs. 4.5 l.p.a. approximately. In about 10 years time the salaries are expected to grow 3 to 4 times to Rs. 8 to16 l.p.a. There are huge opportunities for overseas & international assignments, both with Indian & foreign companies.

Typical career path scenarios for CIVIL professional are :

  • Civil Engineers do find work at the construction site in a managerial position or in design, research as well as in teaching in government services or private concerns.
  • They do also work as independent consultants.
  • Most engineering graduates start with jobs of responsibility, and as they prove their competence, they are given more and more responsible tasks, but within each subfield of civil engineering, and even within different segments of the market within each branch, the details of a career path can vary.
  • In some fields and firms, entry-level engineers are put to work primarily monitoring construction in the field, serving as the "eyes and ears" of more senior design engineers; while in other areas, entry-level engineers end up performing the more important tasks of analysis or design and interpretation.
  • More senior engineers can move into doing more complex analysis or design work, or management of more complex design projects, or management of other engineers, or into specialized consulting, including forensic engineering.In short, a Civil Engineer is trained to manage men, materials, equivalent of all kinds and the financial aspects related to his work.

Ques. What civil engineering course is all about?
Ans. Civil Engineering involves planning, designing and executing construction of infrastructural and structural works. The profession deals with a wide variety of engineering tasks including designing, supervision and construction activities of public works like roads, bridges, tunnels, buildings, airports, dams, water works, sewage systems, ports etc. and offers a multitude of challenging career opportunities, in conventional fields.

Ques. What a civil engineer is expected to do?
Ans. A civil engineer is responsible for planning and designing a project, constructing & completing the project to the required scale, and maintenance of the product. A civil engineer requires not only a high standard of engineering knowledge but also supervisory and administrative skills. The planning part of their work involves site investigation, feasibility studies, creating solutions to complications that may occur due to soil conditions, earth quakes and the actual designing of structures. They have to work with the guidelines of the local government authority and get plans approved by the relevant authority. They may prepare cost estimates and set construction schedules. Construction work involves dealing with clients, architects, government officials, contractors and the supervision of work according to standards. Their work also involves the maintenance and repair of the project. Design & Project survey & Project preparation work is also done by Civil Engineers.

Ques. What is the need of this course?
Ans. Being a core branch of engineering Civil engineers will always be needed to maintain and repair existing facilities and structures and to construct new ones. After doing B.Tech, one can look for jobs in road projects, building work, infrastructure projects, consultancy firms, quality testing laboratories or housing societies. There is a high demand for experienced civil engineers in developed countries also; and in Middle East; as many Indian firms are winning overseas and international contracts.

Ques. What qualities you need to have to pursue this course?
OR  Ques. What qualities you will develop while doing this course?
Ans. A civil engineer requires not only a high standard of engineering knowledge but also supervisory and administrative skills. A civil engineer has to prepare cost estimates and set construction schedules. Construction work involves dealing with clients, architects, government officials, contractors and the supervision of work according to standards. Their work also involves the maintenance and repair of the project. Design & Project survey & Project preparation work is also done by Civil Engineers. Therefore, good computing skills and public dealing are also a part of major qualities needed to pursue this course.

Ques. What can be speculated for this course?
Ans. The job prospects for Civil Engineers currently are at an all time best. With investments to the tune of 2,00,000 crore of rupees taking place in the infrastructure segment alone, over 20,000 civil engineers are needed every year. Added to these are the power plants, Industrial Plants & building, Housing & urban development, transportation and several other sectors of the economy; creating added demand for Civil Engineers.

Ques. This course needs a person to work in teams or as individuals?
Ans. Civil Engineering is often about being part of a team that requires people with many different kinds of skills. Yet there is also plenty of space for individual flair and imagination, but the work is always carried out in team.

Ques. Won't salaries for civil professionals fall as companies turn to cheaper labor overseas?
Ans. Being a core branch of engineering Civil engineers will always be needed to maintain and repair existing facilities and structures and to construct new ones. There is a high demand for experienced civil engineers in developed countries also; and in Middle East; as many Indian firms are winning overseas and international contracts. The replacement & substitution demand for retiring work force is also large because for about two & a half decades from mid seventies to late nineties the civil engineering capacities were decreased (or new capacities were not created) thus the majority of the work force is aging. With the rapid growth of economy witnessed during the last 5 years there is a huge boom in infrastructure & it is today the largest employment generating segment of the economy.

Ques. Aren't civil jobs solitary and boring?
Ans. Civil Engineering professionals work in a team. Their job profile is not confined to 0900 hrs to 1700 hrs. Instead, their life is neither routined nor classical. They are always involved in creativity and innovations rather than the traditional patterns. Civil Engineers live a life full of activity, creativity and satisfaction.